In recent years, Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park Viet Nam has been becoming one of the top travel destinations in the country. However, many people haven’t hear about the Park or if the have, it’s just about the cave. Hue scooter rental would love to help you explore this amazing lanscape. Together we will discover more about other hidden beauties and facts of Phong Nha Ke Bang. How was it formed? What to see in the Park and Which values that make it to be a World Natural Heritage?
Location and history of Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park Viet Nam
Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park lies in Bo Trach district, Quang Binh Province in the central Viet Nam. It’s in the core limestone area, 50km northwest of Dong Hoi city and 170 km from Hue.
Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park Viet Nam is considered as a huge geological museum. In fact, the complicated geological structure contain of different categories of stone such as sandstone, quartz, siliceous limestone, granodiorite, diorite, applet, pegmatite, etc.
The Park is the oldest and largest tropical karst which formed 400 million years ago. During the main geological periods of the Earth, it had the original topographic and geologic characteristics. This was the home of many ethnic minorities and ancient people. The scientist have found out the traces of hieroglyphics of Cham- an old Kingdom in the country. They lived here during 9th-11th century and left behind the values of cultural features. Also, Phong Nha Ke Bang national park was a shelter of Viet Nam solders during the fierce War. They used the caves as hospital, roads for transfer foods and weapons. Indeed, the Park is not only famous for natural beauties but also for the historical sites remaining till present.
The biodiversity of Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park Viet Nam
One of the main factors to recognized Phong Nha Ke Bang national park as World Natural Heritage is biodiversity. It has the total area of 343.300 hectares, of which the core is 123.300 ha and the buffer is 220.000 hectares. At here, we can see the appearance of primitive tropical forest which cover more than 96.2% and features a great biodiversity. In this area, thanks to the data of scientists survey, many endemic plant species of the limestone forest have found. Cho nuoc (platanus kerrii), Cho Dai Nghien (Burretiodendronhsienmu), Tram Huong (Agarwood) are the famous species. There are 38 species are listed in the Viet Nam Red Book.
Scientists also discovered many rare plant species in danger of extinction such as the Calocedrus rupestris, paphiopedilum spp and many other rare plant species. Regarding fauna, 140 mammal species have been identified, 35 species are listed in the Vietnam Red Book. Compared to other conservation areas and national parks in Viet Nam, the abundance of the animal species in Phong Nha-Ke Bang National Park is higher. The rare species, especially primates have been found with the highest number of the country.
Stunning Caves of Phong Nha Ke Bang National Park Viet Nam
Phong Nha – Ke Bang is truly the “Kingdom of the cave”. As researched, they estimated that there are more than 300 multi- shapes caves in the National Park and many of those are now still untouched. Almost the caves bring the unique and spectacular beauty of the limstone area. More, the multi-shape and different sizes of the caves creat a mysterious feel for those who explore. We would love to show you the most famous and beautiful caves of the Park:
- Phong Nha Cave: Among Phong Nha Ke Bang national park Viet Nam Caves, Phong Nha Cave is the famous one for tourist. It has many unique rewards of beauty that people gives to. In fact, taking a boat trip a long Son River and discover the underground river world inside is out of this world.
- Paradise Cave: This is the longest dry cave in Asia with the total length of more than 31km. Exploring the cave, the feel seem like wandering in the heaven. The temperature inside is totally different to outside which around 20 degree. The massive stones and multi-shapes stalagmites are the highlights which make tourist overwhelmed.
- Dark Cave: Like it’s original name, the spaces inside Dark cave are cover by darkness. As same as marvelous Paradise cave, inside Dark cave you can admire many beautiful stalagmites and sharp stones. Going deep inside tourist have chance to experience special mud-bath, the unique thing here. Also, the entertaining activities which around the cave are such as swimming. kayaking, zip-lining are really impressive to all people.
- Son Doong cave: The biggest cave on Earth ever found which was found out in 1991 by a local man. The authorities opened for tourist in 2013. The cave is not like other caves in Phong Nha system. It’s a real world inside with huge size and diversity of fauna and flora system.
Best time and ways to get to Phong Nha Kẻ Bàng National Park Viet Nam
From April to August is the dry season, the temperature outside is 36, 37 degrees and inside the cave is only 20 – 21 degrees. As a result you can visit all the caves here easily.
From September to March next year is the rainy season. The water level from rivers rise and cover cave entrances which are hard to do any cave tours here.
Phong Nha Ke Bang Viet Nam is a favorite travel stop especially for those who do adventurous Hue to Ha Noi motorbike rental. In fact, besides top gear Hue to Hoi An motorbike rental, this is the best way to explore Viet Nam beauties.Moreever, Phong Nha motorbike rental is a convinient way to explore almost the caves.